Platelet Treatment – Factor 4

Skin Rejuvenation with Platelet Growth Factors – Factor 4

Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) is blood plasma that has been enriched with platelets.

Platelets contain many growth factors and other stimulating agents that stimulate healing.

PRP treatments have been used for other medical treatments including nerve injury, tendonitis, heart muscle injury, bone repair and regeneration, plastic and dental surgery.

The use of Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) has long been recognised for its accelerated wound healing properties in such applications as surgery and sports injuries. This technology is now being used for cosmetic enhancement with outstanding results. It is applied along with hyaluronic acid and Vitamin C.

PRP is a bio active stimulator, not filler. PRP uses your own cells derived from your blood; these are then reapplied to the skin to stimulate collagen and new skin cells, and thicken your skin to give a firmer and younger looking skin.

PRP is 100% autologous (your own cells) and therefore there is no risk of allergy or rejection. PRP is inherently safe.

Results take around 2-3 weeks to see and a series of treatments is recommended. Your skin should still continue to improve with time following your treatment program. After 2-3 initial treatments, a repeat treatment should be done within one year.

The Procedure

10 mls of whole blood is withdrawn from the patient and centrifuged to obtain platelets.

Meanwhile, the patient’s face, neck and décolletage are cleansed and topical anaesthetic cream applied for about 45 minutes.

The skin is then cleansed and a medical grade dermaroller is used to create numerous minute perforations in the skin.

The platelet fraction is withdrawn from the tube and applied to the treatment area and gently massaged. This is then followed by hyaluronic acid and Vitamin C as an anti-oxidant agent. A soothing gel is then applied.

The whole procedure is relatively pain free and atraumatic with minimal, if any, bruising. Three treatments are recommended at one month intervals.

The patient is advised not to wash the treated areas for 6 to 8 hours.

Who should NOT have PRP treatments?

Anyone with the following conditions:

  • With a problem with their platelet counts – low platelets, malfunctioning platelets
  • With severe infections
  • With bleeding problems
  • Using blood thinners such as aspirin and related products, e.g. anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Who has had recent treatment with steroids
  • Who Smokes

Factor 4

Factor 4 skin rejuvenation is skin needling with the added benefit of growth factor stimulation. The end result is visible improvement within 1 week of treatment. The treatment regime recommends 4 treatments at 4 week intervals and then top up treatments at 6 to 12 month intervals.

Factor 4 is the name given to growth factors extracted from one’s own blood (autologous serum). Blood is collected by venepuncture in the usual way (as for a blood test) in special tubes containing glass beads. The blood is then incubated at 37 degrees for a minimum of 6 hours to a maximum of 9 hours to enhance the secretion of growth factors into serum. This serum is then centrifuged at 3000 rpm for 15 minutes. The growth factor serum is then withdrawn into labelled syringes and stored in a freezer. Serum can be stored up to 7 months. Serum for up to 4 treatments can be withdrawn and stored.

Indications for Factor 4

  • Fine lines
  • Crepey skin
  • Scars
  • Skin rejuvenation
  • Pores

Areas suitable for treatment

  • Face
  • Neck
  • Decolletage
  • Skin rejuvenation
  • Hands

Who should not have Factor 4

  • Anyone with a platelet abnormality or blood disorder
  • Anyone taking blood thinning agents, e.g. Warfarin
  • Severe infections
  • Smokers
  • Anyone being treated with steroids or recently treated with steroids
  • Cancer, especially of blood or bone
  • Severe infections

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